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A diamond's size is measured in carat weight and each carat is equal to 100 points. A .75 carat diamond is
the same as a 75-point diamond or a .574 carat stone. While larger diamonds are highly prized, diamonds of
equal size may vary widely in value and brilliance, depending on their qualities of clarity, cut and color.
The more pure the color in a diamond, the more rare.
Diamonds are graded by color, starting at D and continuing through the alphabet. Truly colorless stones, graded D, treasured for their rarity and value, are highest on the Diamond Quality Pyramid.
While many diamonds appear colorless, they may actually have subtle yellow or brown tones and these color
grades include P and Q. Although still beautiful, they will be less rare and therefore less valuable. To
appreciate the simple beauty of each individual stone, you should compare diamonds side by side with a jeweler.
The better cut a diamond, the more brilliant.
A well cut or faceted diamond, regardless of its shape, scintillates with fire and light - offering the greatest brilliance and value. While nature determines a diamond's clarity, carat weight and color, the hand of a master craftsman is necessary to release its fire, sparkle and beauty. When a diamond is cut to good proportions, light will reflect from one mirror-like facet to another and disperse through the top of the stone, resulting in a display of brilliance and fire.
The purer the diamond, the more brilliant.
The greater a diamond's clarity, the more brilliant and valuable - and the higher it is on the Diamond Quality Pyramid.
Virtually all natural diamonds contain identifying characteristics, yet many are invisible to the naked eye. Under the scrutiny of a jeweler's 10x-magnifying loupe or microscope, natural phenomena - called inclusions - may be seen. These are nature's birthmarks, and they may look like tiny crystals, clouds or feathers.
Diamonds categorized as internally flawless reveal no such inclusions. Flawless stones are at the peak of the Diamond Quality Pyramid and are treasured for their rarity and beauty. Diamonds with very, very small inclusions are graded as VVS1 or VVS2. The larger the inclusion, the lower the grade and the less rare the diamond. Inclusions that can be seen with the naked eye are graded I1 to I3.
The number, color, type, size and position of surface and internal birthmarks affect a diamond's value.
Major inclusions can interfere with the path of light that revels travels through the diamond, diminishing
its brilliance and sparkle and therefore its value.